Is it generative art ?

AI recognition ?


Just eyes and hands.

Isabelle Grosse has developed a personal visual process called “Outlining”, in which she frames groups (crowds, cities, objects, landscapes…) within her photographs or videos to reveal collective forms.

At first, she has been photographing urban landscapes, from higher ground. She manually reprocesses her pictures on the computer by methodically outlining the arrangement of the volumes in space according to the following rule: for each volume, only its largest facet is being outlined.

This rule of local approximation helps to construct an overall interpretative structure that underlines the lay-out of the volumes and accounts for the morphology of the urban environment. Superimposed, this structure empties the landscape of part of its semantic content: one forgets about the place and just keeps the morphology of the image.

In a like manner, the artist deals with other types of spatial arrangements (crowd, cemetery, docks, computer maps, waste ground, landscaped garden…).

When she outlines crowds, the rule for the individuals is to take the direction of the shoulders into account.
Thus, the overlay reveals the instant stream.

The outlining grid change our reading of the picture, it makes us look at the photograph in a more accurate way : we navigate through the outlining grid and dive into the picture. This travel inside the image is like an investigation.

« Isabelle Grosse’s approach consists specifically in outlining the various figurative and objective elements that form the subjects of her photographs. Those ones are self-descriptive, such as each individual in a crowd, or each tower in the urban landscape. Such a working principle focusses as much on a structured analysis of space of the chosen motif, examined in its whole, as on the local relationships that exist with its surroundings. By isolating each of the chosen image’s figurative elements within the fine outline of a parallelogram, open at the bottom, she creates a new image that becomes like a reversal of existing reality. In so doing, she underlines « kinds of spaces » -as Françoise-Aline Blain has judiciously noted – alluding to Georges Perec, whose eponymous work admits us to the abyss of a spatial declension. The play on words used by the latter echoes the play of images used by the former, the artist taking pleasure in multiplying these elements to confound our habitual perspectives. Lines in front of museums, car parking, TV programs audiences, spectators at a football match, etc…., Isabelle Grosse’s art is required by the crowd, for her separation of the individual allows us to better seethe whole. » Philipe Piguet in « The composed images », A month of images in Ho Chi Minh city.



Isabelle Grosse creates works dedicated to NFTs, which she considers to be a medium in itself.

The digital screen as a main medium for NFTs allows to exploit the white outlining grid in several graphic ways. The pure graphic shape on the screen sharpens the structural analysis of the works. It becomes a «pseudo generative" art which blurs and challenges the boundaries between human and computer based visuel intelligence.


Collaborative project to create a NFT collection of outlined contemporary and historical crowd scenes.

Isabelle initiated this series with The Berlin Wall Fall.

5 NFTs related to the Berlin Wall are minted, 1/1 edition.

Later on, the artist will process other historical moments and a call for participation will activate this series through a collective project. Participants will be invited to submit other images of historical moments to be processed by the artist.

Each contributor will be included in a smart contract for a split of royalties.



NFT project

Collaborative project to create a collection of NFTs of outlined contemporary and historical crowd scenes

Structures in Chaos

To the point of absurdity

Solo show @ Gianna Sistu Gallery, Paris, France, questioning the assumption that reasoned decisions govern our lives



Solo show @ La Maison des Arts de Malakoff, France) about the standardization process, mixing photographs and moving images of people, containers and a film shoot in a car factory

Upstream Bucarest

Interactive video : play and feel

2nd edition of Upstream in Bucarest, Romania, augmented with a new sound track and set of short videos

Upstream Paris

Interactive video : play and feel

Outdoor interactive installation in front of Paris city hall during one « Nuit blanche » night with 15 000 people playing on the « Upstream » digital floor while onlookers enjoyed a sound and color show generated by the players


Ancient times and contemporary life

Solo show @ the Centre d’Art Contemporain, Castres, France, mixing outlinings of crowds in Goya paintings and in contemporary settings


Cities outlining

Solo show @ Anton Weller Gallery, Paris, France, revealing the underlying geometrical shapes within photographies of cityscapes around the world

First outlining

The photograph of a cemetery

FIAC, Paris, France 1999, view of Montparnasse Cemetery (Paris)

Selected solo exhibitions

  • 2016 invited speaker at UCLA (University of California)
  • 2014-2015 October-January, « Structures in Chaos », Gianna Sistu Gallery (Paris)
  • 2009 Docks Art Fair, Lyon, France, « Dis-Appearances », Vanessa Quang gallery, Paris (France)
  • 2008 « Shaping », Maison des Arts de Malakoff (France)
  • 2006 « Bouger les mots », interactive public installation, Bucarest (Romania)
  • 2005 « Upstream », monumental interactive installation, Paris city hall square (France)
  • 2004 « Cache:moi », Nuit Blanche (Paris) Photo studio, installation, Palais de Tokyo (Paris)
  • 2004 « Reversible », Centre for contemporary art, Castres (France)
  • 2003 Residency, Espace de l’art concret, Mouans Sartoux (France)
  • 2001 « Formatter », Anton Weller gallery (Paris)
  • 1998 « Urban marker », 150 meter long urban strip wrapping the Odeon National Theatre (Paris)
  • 1997 « Recto/Verso », installation,Maison de la Radio (Paris)
  • 1997 « Defaire l’image », installation for the 50th edition of the Festival de Cannes (France)

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2012 « Collectionner aujourd’hui », Saint-Restitut contemporary art center (France)
  • 2011 « Modèles danses », European month for photography, Arsenal de Metz (France)
  • 2011 « Home sweet home », Arthotheque du Limousin (France)
  • 2009 Contemporary drawing art fair in Paris, Vanessa Quang gallery (France) European Photography Month (Luxembourg)
  • 2008 « l’Artothèque au Musée », Art and archeology Museum, Gueret (France)
  • 2008 « The Month of images », Ho Chi Min (Vietnam)
  • 2007 « Venezia video art fair », Venice (Italy)
  • 2007 « Transimages 2 », French Institute, Yokohama (Japan)
  • 2007 « Rencontres photographiques de Solignac » (France)
  • 2006 « Transimages 1 », French Institute, Yokohama (Japan)
  • 2004 « video : séquence 1 », Maison des Arts de Malakoff (France)
  • 2004 « autres frontières », Artothèque du Limousin (France)
  • 2003 « Inout Festival », Praha (Czech Republic)
  • 2003 « A l’année prochaine », Artothèque du Limousin (France)
  • 2002 « Trade », NFI (Nederlands Foto Institut), Rotterdam (The Nederlands) La Fabrique, Tokyo (Japan)
  • 2002 « Quick Mode/ Mode acceleré », Vox gallery, Montreal (Canada)
  • 2001 « Trade », Fotomuseum Winterthur (Switzerland) Art Forum Berlin, Anton Weller gallery (Germany) FIAC Paris Anton Weller gallery (France)
  • 2000 « emplacements/deplacements », Anton Weller gallery, Paris (France)
  • 2000 « domiciles », Tanlay Art center, Tanlay (France)
  • 2000 « L’art dans le vent », Chamarande Art Center (France)
  • 2000 « Les semaines européennes de l’image », le Havre (France)
  • 1999 FIAC Paris, Anton Weller gallery (France)
  • 1997 « Le centenaire d’Aragon », Blanc Mesnil Center for Culture (France)

Public collections

  • 2023 Ubi-Screen to be part of the permanent collection of The National Museum for the history of the immigration (Paris)
  • FNAC (French National Fund for Contemporary Art)
  • BDIC Museum (Paris)
  • Fond Municipal d’art contemporain de la Ville de Paris (City of Paris Fund for Contemporary Art)
  • Fond Départemental d’art contemporain du Nord (North Region Fund for Contemporary Art)
  • Fond Départemental d’art contemporain de l’Essonne (Essonne Distr. Fund for Contemporary Art)
  • Artothèque du Limousin (Limousin Contemporary Art Museum)
  • Private Collections
  • CMA-CGM Corporate Foundation (third largest container shipping company in the world)
  • UBS Corporate Collection (Switzerland)
  • COLAS Corporate Collection (largest road building company in the world